ILO's Labour Standards
As of 1 January 2021, Viet Nam has ratified 25 conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO), including seven out of eight fundamental conventions.
In 2019 alone, Viet Nam ratified three ILO conventions, namely Convention 88 on Employment Services, Convention 159 on Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons), and Convention 98 on the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining. Among them, Convention 98 is one of the eight ILO core conventions under the ILO's 1998 Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work . The ILO's eight core conventions have become a central part of the new generation of free trade agreements, including the CPPTPP (The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership) and the FTA between the EU and Viet Nam, as well as most of corporate socially responsible policies of multi-national enterprises.
In the latest move, Viet Nam ratified ILO Convention 105 on Abolition of Forced Labour in 2020, bringing the total ratified fundamental conventions to seven out of eight.
The country plans to join the remaining core convention – Convention 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize – in 2023.
List of seven ILO core conventions ratified by Viet Nam:• C029 - Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
• C098 - Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining, 1949 (No. 98)
• C100 - Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
• C105 - Convention on Abolition of Forced Labour, 1957 (No. 105)
• C111 - Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)
• C138 - Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
• C182 - Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
See the 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (link)